Signs of Anxiety in Dogs – How to Know if Your Dog is Anxious

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Dogs are an integral part of the family, and we all appreciate the special bond we develop with our canine companions. With this in mind, it’s incredibly important to recognise the signs of anxiety in dogs.

Sometimes it can be a bit tricky to identify when our dogs are scared and anxious, as they can’t simply tell us how they’re feeling.

This article will explore the various warning signs of anxiety in dogs, revealing those subtle signals that let you know your dog is feeling stressed and anxious.

Signs Your Dog Needs Help

Anxiety is a normal stress response, but it can affect your furry best friend‘s quality of life when it becomes chronic or overwhelming.

dog lying on a blue blanket looking stressed and anxious

Recognizing the subtle signs your dog has anxiety is crucial for providing the support they need.

Understanding Anxiety in Dogs

Dogs can become prone to anxiety for various reasons, such as separation from their owner, fear of loud noises, or environmental changes. It’s also important to know that anxiety is a natural response that any dog, regardless of breed, age, or background, can experience.

Importance of Recognizing Signs of Anxiety in Dogs

Recognizing the signs that your dog has anxiety issues can be somewhat challenging, to say the least, as they may not always be quite so obvious.

However, it’s essential to pay close attention to your dogs body language and any changes in behavior. Doing so, you’ll be better equipped to identify when your dog shows signs of feeling anxious or stressed and take appropriate action.

Signs of dog anxiety - dog hiding under a table

Early detection of anxiety in your dog can help prevent the development of more severe behavioral issues or health problems. Understanding your dog’s anxiety triggers can allow you to adjust their environment or routine, ensuring they feel more secure and comfortable.

Benefits of Addressing Anxiety in Dogs

Addressing anxiety in dogs has numerous benefits for your dog and you as a pet owner. When you help your dog feel better by managing their stress, you’ll notice the following:

  • Improved behavior: Reducing fear and anxiety often leads to decreased unwanted behaviors like excessive barking, destructiveness, or aggression.
  • Stronger bond: By understanding and addressing your dog’s anxiety, you’ll build trust and strengthen your relationship with your pet.
  • Better quality of life: A dog with less anxiety will enjoy a happier and more relaxed life, making them more pleasant to be around.
  • Healthier dog: Chronic stress and anxiety can take a toll on a dog’s health. By managing their anxiety, you can help prevent stress-related health issues.

It’s only by paying close attention to your dog’s behavior and body language that you’ll be able to provide the support they need during stressful situations.

Signs of Anxiety in Dogs, Recognizing The Symptoms of Anxiety and Fear

Anxiety in dogs can occur at different stages in life, from puppy anxiety to senior dogs anxiety. The condition can also manifest in various ways, and some signs may be more subtle than others.

dog with anxiety

With this in mind, it’s essential to familiarize ourselves with the common symptoms of anxiety and fear in our furry friends so that we can provide the proper support they need. 

Behavioral signs

When it comes to dogs with anxiety, their behavior can often provide valuable clues about how they’re feeling.

Common Signs of Fear

Keep a close eye out for these common signs:

  •  Excessive barking or whining: Anxious dogs may bark or whine more than usual if they’re stressed or frightened by something in their environment.
  • Destructive behavior: Some dogs experiencing anxiety exhibit destructive behaviors, such as chewing on furniture or shoes, to cope with stress.
  • House soiling: Even well-trained dogs might have accidents indoors when feeling anxious.
  • Aggression or fear biting: An anxious dog might become more aggressive as a defense mechanism to perceived threats.
  • Pacing and restlessness: Under stress, dogs often have difficulty settling down and may pace around the house or generally seem restless.
  • Escaping or avoidance behavior: Anxious dogs can try to escape from a situation or avoid certain areas or objects that cause them stress.
  • Excessive licking or chewing: Dogs may lick or chew on their paws, legs, or other objects to self-soothe.
  • Sudden changes in appetite: Anxiety can affect a dog’s appetite, leading to decreased interest in food or overeating as a coping mechanism.
  • Excessive yawning or lip licking: While these behaviors can be expected, they may also indicate anxiety in dogs when they occur frequently or in stressful situations.
  • Trembling or shaking: Some dogs will shake or tremble, particularly if exposed to a fear-inducing stimulus like a thunderstorm or fireworks.
  • Eating grass: Excessive grass-eating can indicate anxiety, as some dogs eat grass to self-soothe.
  • Pica: A behavior in which dogs compulsively eat non-food items like rocks, plastic, or fabric. Pica can point to anxiety in dogs, as they may consume these items to cope with stress.

Physical signs

Dogs suffering from anxiety may also exhibit physical signs that something is amiss. Be on the lookout for the following physical symptoms that may indicate your dog is suffering stress:

  • Panting or rapid breathing: Anxious dogs might pant or breathe more rapidly than usual, even when they haven’t been physically active or exposed to high temperatures, or even in their sleep.
  • Increased heart rate: Sometimes, a dogs heart rate can increase when feeling stressed or anxious, similar to how humans might experience a racing heart during moments of anxiety.
  • Drooling: Excessive drooling can be another sign of stress in dogs, mainly if it occurs suddenly and without an apparent reason.
  • Dilated pupils: Anxious dogs may have dilated pupils, making their eyes appear more prominent or darker than usual.
  • Sweaty paws: Dogs have sweat glands in their paw pads, and when they’re feeling anxious, their paws might become damp or leave wet paw prints on surfaces.
  • Weight loss or gain: Changes in appetite due to anxiety can lead to weight loss or an increase in dogs, depending on whether they’re eating less or using food as a coping mechanism.
  • Gastrointestinal issues (diarrhea, vomiting, or constipation): Stress and anxiety can affect a dog’s digestive system, leading to symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, or constipation.
  • Hiccuping: Although hiccups are primarily typical, frequent or prolonged hiccuping might indicate your dog is experiencing anxiety. Stress can cause muscle spasms in the diaphragm, leading to hiccups. If you notice your dog hiccuping more than usual, especially during or after stressful events, it could indicate their anxiety needs to be addressed.

Emotional signs

Anxiety in dogs can also be recognized through emotional signs, typically displayed through body language. Keep an eye out for these dynamic indicators that your dog may be feeling stressed or fearful:

  • Fearful body posture: An anxious dog might adopt a fearful body posture, such as crouching, lowering their head, or trying to make themselves appear smaller.
  • Tail tucking: When a dog tucks their tail between their legs, it’s often a sign that they’re feeling anxious or scared.
  • Ears pinned back: Dogs may pin their ears back against their head when feeling stressed or frightened, which can be a clear sign of anxiety.
  • Cowering or hiding: An anxious dog might try to find a safe space to hide or cower behind furniture or other objects to escape a stressful situation.
  • Clinginess or over-attachment to owner: Dogs suffering anxiety may become excessively clingy or attached to their owners, seeking constant reassurance and comfort.
  •  Panic attacks: Dogs experiencing anxiety may have panic attacks, manifesting as sudden, intense bouts of fear or distress. During a panic attack, your dog may exhibit rapid breathing, trembling, or attempts to escape or hide. Various stressors including a flashbacks to past traumas can trigger these episodes, indicating that your dog is struggling with anxiety.
  • Unusual aggression towards other animals or people: A dog that is usually friendly might display unusual signs of aggression towards another dog or people when they’re feeling anxious as a means of protecting themselves.

Being observant and empathetic can play a vital role in helping your dog navigate their anxiety while fostering a stronger bond between you both.

Common Triggers for Anxious Dogs

We all get triggered by things now and again, but guess what? So do dogs!

big brown dog - signs of Dog Anxiety

Discovering your dog’s triggers can help you better understand their needs and the appropriate support your furry friend needs.

Here are some common types of anxiety and their causes:

Separation anxiety

Many dogs become anxious when they’re separated from their owners. A dog’s separation anxiety can result in destructive behavior, excessive barking or whining, or house soiling when the owner is away from home.

Noise phobias

Loud noises, such as thunderstorms or fireworks, can be a significant source of anxiety for some dogs. During these events, they might display signs like trembling, hiding, or seeking comfort from their owner.

New environments or changes in routine

Dogs thrive on routine, and any significant changes in their environment or daily schedule can cause anxiety. This can include moving to a new home, adjusting to a new work schedule, or even rearranging furniture in the house.


Traveling can be a stressful experience for many dogs, especially if they need to get used to being in a car or spending time in a new location. Anxiety during travel can result in panting, drooling, or even gastrointestinal issues.

Introduction of new pets or family members

Bringing a new pet or family member into the household can be a significant source of anxiety for some dogs. They may feel threatened or uncertain about the change in their social dynamics.

Aging or cognitive decline

As dogs age, they can experience cognitive decline, leading to anxiety. This might be due to changes in their sensory abilities, memory, or overall cognitive function. Providing a stable and supportive environment can help alleviate stress in aging dogs.

Treating Anxiety in Dogs 

Addressing anxiety in dogs is essential for their overall well-being and happiness. There are various approaches to help manage and treat stress in dogs, often involving a combination of methods and solutions. Here are some critical steps to consider when treating anxiety in your canine companion:

Natural remedies and supplements

Various natural remedies and supplements are available to help reduce anxiety in dogs. These can include over-the-counter supplements such as calming chews or treats containing ingredients like L-theanine, chamomile, or valerian root.

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Alternative therapies

Some dogs symptoms may benefit from alternative therapies to help alleviate anxiety or fear. These can include treatments like massage, acupuncture, or aromatherapy.

Training and behavior modification techniques

Training and behavior modification techniques can be highly effective in addressing anxiety in a dog.

training an anxious dog - signs of dog anxiety

Techniques such as desensitization, counter-conditioning, and positive reinforcement can teach your dog to change their response to anxiety-provoking situations and build their confidence.

Environmental management

Adjusting your dog’s environment can make a huge difference in dealing with anxiety. This might include creating a safe space or “den” for your dog to retreat to, using white noise, calming music, or TV to mask anxiety-inducing sounds, or using pheromone diffusers to promote a sense of calm.

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 Appointment with a Veterinarian or veterinary behaviorist

When all else fails, consult with a veterinarian or a veterinary behaviorist. They can help assess your dog’s overall health, determine the underlying cause of the anxiety, and recommend an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your dog’s needs.


Sometimes, your veterinarian may recommend medication to help manage your dog’s anxiety. These can include prescription medications like anti-anxiety drugs or antidepressants, which can help regulate your dog’s mood and stress response.

By implementing a comprehensive treatment plan, you change your furry best friend’s life from fear-based stress and anxiety to calm and carefree.

Please review our comprehensive article for more in-depth and helpful information about dog anxiety treatments.

Final Thoughts on The Signs of Dog Anxiety

Recognizing the common signs of an anxiety disorder in your furry friend is crucial for their overall mental health and emotional happiness. By keeping a concerned, sharp-eye, you can identify the behavioral, physical, and emotional signs of anxiety that your struggling dog may be displaying. Early intervention can make a massive difference in helping your dog cope with stress, fear, or anxiety.

Patience and consistency are essential in managing anxiety in dogs. Always remain supportive and understanding as you work to create a calmer, more secure environment for your furry friend. Keep in mind that treating dog anxiety is often a process that requires time and persistence, so don’t be too discouraged if progress seems slow.

Finally, don’t hesitate to seek a professional veterinarian or veterinary behaviorist if you’re unsure about your dog’s anxiety or if you are concerned that the situation doesn’t improve. They can offer invaluable help and guidance, and develop a tailored treatment plan that can address your dog’s individual needs.

Happy dog panting in the garden

By learning to spot the telltale signs that your dog is in a highly stressful state, you can be proactive in helping your canine companion finally beat their anxiety once and for all.


All information in this article is for educational purposes only and is not meant to replace your veterinarian's advice.
Jen Smart

Jen is the founder of, a leading resource for managing and treating anxiety in dogs. With over a decade of experience in working with rescue dogs, Jen holds diplomas in Understanding Canine Anxiety, Canine Holistic Health & Therapy, CBD Oil for Animals, and Zoopharmacognosy. Her expert insights help dog owners navigate the challenges of anxiety with compassionate, innovative solutions. Follow Jen’s guidance at Anxious Canine for a calmer, happier dog.

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